What is the difference between Counselling and Therapy?
My background training is in “Person Centred Counselling”, “Transactional Analysis” psychotherapy and Relate couples counselling. There is a considerable overlap in that both counselling and psychotherapy are about overcoming personal difficulties and facilitating change. The methods used are similar and in some instances identical.
It is often considered that psychotherapy is more directive and looks to the past and the historical influences for the answers to ‘here and now issues’. The counsellor may work more with crisis intervention. However the distinction between counselling and psychotherapy is not a matter that need concern those who seek help. It is not necessarily the case that those who seek counselling or psychotherapy are in a crisis situation; many come in order to improve aspects of themselves and their lives, or to understand how they relate to others and to improve the quality of life.
In my practice, I use a whole range of techniques which are incorporated into the therapy and adapted to suit each individual whatever the presenting problem.
TA is a theory about the structure of personality, developed by Eric Berne in 1956. His theory was based on definite behavioural observations about individuals and the way they relate to each other.
His book, TA in Psychotherapy (1961), describes what he believed, and demonstrated that whatever happens to the individual is recorded in the brain. This includes everything the person experiences in childhood, all that is incorporated from parent figures, perceptions and events, the feelings associated with these events, and the distortions in one’s memory. All this is stored as though on a computer disc. These memories can be replayed and the events recalled and re-experienced in response to something that is happening to the individual in the present day, thus influencing us in the way we relate to each other and to events that occur in our lives.
The terms Parent, Adult and Child Ego State denote states of mind and their related patterns of behaviour as they occur.